Emergence: Its characteristics and limits [George Farre, ISSS 1998 Paper Session, July 21/98]

[Paper session, July 21/98, 1:50 p.m.]

George Farre

Pattern from physics:

Assumption that all material (observable) systems are evolutionary.

Central fact (framework) is of cosmic evolution, i.e. expansion as an explosive event. In the beginning, the energy is high and dense. Then, the first hierarchies appear as an emergence system, i.e. protons. Then more complex atoms

Then inorganic molecules, organic molecules, etc.

Always with decreasing energy.

Evolution is then a sign of complexification

In atomic physics, have Shroedinger principles, and Pauli exclusion rules, but then don't see chemical properties.

Natural system evolves from the bottom-up.

Stratified hierarchies result: One of the roles of intelligence is to sequence data -- make patterns. Laws of nature need to be distinguished from laws of science. General schema of emergence: (hierarchy from the bottom-up)
  1. Original elements that interact with each other, and yield a new system (emergent).
  2. Synergetic process:
  3. Appearance of the energy gap: difference between inside and outside.
Characteristic of a hierarchy: All material interactions are quantal (quantum processes). Cognitive systems is a system whose emergent properties are cognitive. All observations depend on observer being on the outside (unlike social science).


Haven't observed atoms personally. Do physicists know this material?

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